Operations and algebraic thinking involves word problems, representations, and operations with integers. It moves students beyond simply memorizing facts to thinking beyond the rules and procedures in order to draw logical conclusions by developing an understanding of a situation, context, or concept and connecting it with other knowledge.

Students may have difficulty in the following areas:

Math vocabulary
• Math phrases (i.e., greater than, less than)
• Finding different approaches to the same math problem
• Keeping information in their working memory
• Organizing things in a logical way